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【音乐】火鸟组曲

杨朱无书 2020-10-22 14:08:18


火鸟组曲是一套芭蕾舞曲,斯特拉文斯基在1910年写的。故事呢很传统,也可以说是很套路。正义的王子开了挂,在神奇的小伙伴火鸟的帮助下,从邪恶的大反派手中救出了美丽动人又娇弱的公主。但是音乐呢很现代,也可以说是很“难听”,比起浪漫主义时期的古典音乐的确不怎么悦耳。


TheFirebird (French: L'Oiseau de feu; Russian: Жар-птица, translit. Zhar-ptitsa)is a ballet and orchestral concert work by the Russian composer IgorStravinsky. It was written for the 1910 Paris season of Sergei Diaghilev'sBallets Russes company; the original choreography was by Michel Fokine, with ascenario by Alexandre Benois and Fokine based on the Russian fairy tales of theFirebird and the blessing and curse it possesses for its owner. When firstperformed at the Opéra de Paris on 25 June 1910, the work was an instantsuccess with both audience and critics.


这部剧首演是大成功,结束后德彪西跑去对斯特拉文斯基的曲子好好赞美了一番。后来也一直很受大家喜爱,录音都有很多版本。我听的是1961年他自己指挥的版本。



我是今天才听完这一套组曲的七个乐章,喜欢第五乐章Infernal Dance of King Kaschei, 奇异诡谲,营造的大反派形象很有吸引力哎。不过在有些人听来好像很滑稽的样子,因为猫和老鼠是很多中国人的古典音乐启蒙,导致我外放Boulez版的火鸟组曲的第五乐章时,被吐槽是汤姆在追赶杰瑞。其实这样说也可以,我们可以想象这位King Kaschei是汤姆,而The Firebird是杰瑞,而汤姆是永远不能战胜杰瑞的,嗯,理论上是这样。


这部组曲的配器很厉害,不知道是不是俄罗斯作曲家都超会写配器,第五乐章的铜管组简直出神入化。乐器备份:

Woodwinds

4flutes (third and fourth doubling first and second piccolos)

3oboes

1English horn

3clarinets in A (3rd doubles clarinet in D)

1bass clarinet in A

3bassoons (2nd doubles second contrabassoon)

1contrabassoon

Brass

4horns in F

3trumpets in A

2trombones

1bass trombone

1tuba

3onstage trumpets

2onstage tenor Wagner tubas

2bass Wagner tubas

Percussion

1bass drum

cymbals

1triangle

1tambourine

1tamtam

1glockenspiel

1xylophone

1piano

1celesta

3harps

Timpani

Strings

 

至于这部音乐的主题呢,很简单,就是邪恶不能战胜正义。